The spaniel dog type belongs to the gun dog family, including two breeds, the American cocker spaniel and the English cocker spaniel. Both were bred in the early 20th century for hunting purposes in their regions. The breeds were used for hunting, retrieving, and tracking.
Appearance and Size
Both Spaniels are medium sized dogs. The English cocker spaniel is 14 to 17 inches in height and weighs around 12-16kgs, while the American cocker spaniel is b14.5 to 15.5 inches in height and weighs between 10-14kgs. The major difference in appearance of the two breeds is that the American is smaller with a shorter back and muzzle, and a domed head, while the English is taller with a narrower head and chest. Both spaniels have a variety of colours including, Ash, Black, Tri-color Ticked, Lemon & White, Orange & White, Liver & White, Black & White, Orange Roan, Liver Roan, Silver, Black & Tan, Liver & Tan, Sable, Golden, Red, Liver, Blue for the English Cocker Spaniel and Roan, White & Buff, Red, Brown, Silver, Tri-color, Tan, and Black for the American Cocker Spaniel
Both breeds are gentle, playful, and intelligent. They are great with kids and happy to please their owners. They are great companions to all family members. They are very active dogs and require daily exercise to remain happy.
American cocker spaniels have a curly coat while English cocker spaniels have short or medium length coats. Both breeds require daily brushing of the coat and occasional baths. Pet owners must also keep a check on their spaniels’ ears, as they are prone to ear issues.
Both breeds have an average lifespan of 12 to 15 years. Some common issues faced by spaniels are ear infections, cataracts and other eye conditions.